Types and Treatment of Anorexia Nervosa

anorexic womanEating disorders have links to low self-esteem and self-worth. The individual in question believes that they have no control over everything else in their lives except their food. They might also believe that if they manage their weight, they will be happier.

They are chasing a mirage because once they reach their goal, they still have other problems. As such, they strive for bigger weight goals.

Many anorexia nervosa treatment centers dwell on not just managing the condition but also addressing the underlying myths. However, weight loss can become a medical risk and so they also address whatever problems anorexia causes, medically speaking.

That said, below are the two main types of anorexia nervosa and how they are treated.

Binge-Eating or Purging

An individual going through an episode will engage in regular binge-eating, purging, or both in a bid to lose weight. They will induce vomiting or misuse enemas, laxatives and diuretics. In some cases, the individuals will not binge-eat, but they will often purge after they eat a small amount of food.

According to research, individuals with this type of anorexia practice these behaviors at least three times a week in severe cases.

Restricting

As the name suggests, an individual with this type of disorder will starve themselves in fear of gaining weight. They will try to lose weight through fasting, dieting, and excessive exercise. When a patient is going through an episode, they do not engage in purging or binge eating like with the first type.

Treatment

As with many eating disorders, treatment for anorexia can be challenging. However, for it to be effective, it should address both the mental and emotional issues which often date back to childhood to the perception of the child and their image.

Often, the individual will be advised to see a psychologist who can help them process whatever underlying issues they have. When caught early, the disorder will be easier to manage. Otherwise, it is a fatal psychiatric illness that could lead to malnutrition, starvation, and even death. Of all psychiatric disorders, anorexia has the highest mortality rate.